The Age of Civil Wars in Europe, c. 1914-1949

This project, funded by an ERC Advanced Grant (2022-2027) under grant agreement 101054647, challenges exceptionalist approaches to civil war. While it recognises that significant differences in causes, forms, and/or aftermaths existed between individual civil wars, it argues that those civil wars can only be fully understood as a phenomenon within a pan-European context. 

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New Publication

Journal of Modern European History

This special issue of the Journal of Modern European History sets out to explore the usefulness of the concept of civil wars and to explore how we can explain the proliferation of civil wars in this period. Was it a coincidence that Europe became the epicentre of civil war violence in those decades while civil wars remained the exception outside Europe (with Mexico and China as the most significant cases) ?
Moreover, how should one explain that the opposite was largely the case in Europe during the second half of the 20th century, when civil war disappeared as a phenomenon within Europe until the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s, while civil wars multiplied outside of Europe, notably within the former territories of European empires? 

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Upcoming Workshop

Political Commissars as a Transnational Phenomenon in Civil Wars, 1917-1949

12 April 2024
École Française d’Athènes (EFA)

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